The United Nations Conference On Environment And Development In 1992 Resulted In An Agreement To

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Although the climate and biodiversity conventions were not direct products of the Rio process, the first is of immediate importance to the energy issue. In fact, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is the next thing we have in a global convention dealing directly with energy issues. Since energy production and consumption are the main source of man-made greenhouse gas emissions, climate policy has been discussed in various ways in the UNFCCC and then in the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, mainly under the objective of energy policy. Two examples of how climate policy becomes an energy policy are the intense political debates on the different capacities and responsibilities of different nations to change their consumption and production patterns and on the role of energy taxation as a means of controlling emissions. The “Action 21” section on integrated management and sustainable development of coastal areas calls on each coastal state to put in place coordination mechanisms at both the local and national levels. It proposes to develop plans for the use of coastal and marine waters, environmental assessment and monitoring, emergency planning for natural and man-made disasters, improvement of coastal habitats, conservation and restoration of critical habitats, and the integration of sectoral programs such as fishing and tourism in a coordinating framework. National guidelines for MCI and measures to preserve biodiversity and productivity of marine species and habitats are also recommended. This section highlights the need for information on coastal and marine systems, as well as on scientific and social variables, as well as on education, training and capacity building. UNCLOS builds on the achievements of the UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in June 1972, which led to the creation of the UN UMWELT programme (UNEP, q.v.). The previous meeting resulted in the definition of 26 principles for the management and conservation of the environment and resources: the Rio conference updated them in a statement on the environment and development, published exactly 20 years later and sometimes known as the “Earth Charter”, which lists 27 common principles of environmental responsibility. Among these, Principles 3-7 concern sustainable development, No. 15 invokes the precautionary principle (q.v.), No. 20 imposes the role…

Delegates embraced the principle and took up the challenge of implementing the sustainable development model for the 21st century. One of the most immediate outcomes of the meeting was the creation of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) as a global environmental authority. UNEP was expected to pave the way for international agreements, including between the more prosperous countries of the North and the poorest countries in the South. The “Earth Summit” concluded that the concept of sustainable development is an achievable goal for all the world`s inhabitants, whether local, national, regional or international.

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Updated: April 13, 2021 — 8:33 am

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