In many ways, the changes to the adoption agreement have improved the security of U.S.-Russian adoptions, but the adoption agreement does not take into account three critical areas. First, the agreement should have prescribed what medical examinations would be carried out to assess the child`s health. The agreement did not address the substance of the problem by requiring only medical reports without taking into account the different medical standards. Secondly, the agreement should have taken into account the consequences of a prolonged adoption procedure. The more a child is deprived of an loving family environment, the more that child is harmed. Nevertheless, ensuring that future parents are prepared should remain a priority. Third, the agreement should have the possibility of determining the responsibility of the United States and Russia. Without such accountability, the adoption agreement would most likely have suffered the same fate as the UVAA. The adoption agreement should have provided annual compliance reports and specified the specific information that each State was to disclose. 302Country information: Russia, see note 51 (children must first be available for domestic adoptions before being eligible for intercountry adoption). This commentary analyzes and recommends changes to the adoption agreement that will govern intercountry adoption between the United States and the Russian Federation until January 2014. This adoption agreement was reached out of concern for the safety of adoptive children due to the number of stories and accusations of abuse made by American parents.
Between 1990 and 2012, more than twenty Russian adoptees died in the custody of their American adoptive parents. Prior to the adoption agreement, minimum procedural safeguards were introduced to protect adopters and ensure the availability of their adoptive parents. A bilateral agreement governing adoption between the United States and the Russian Federation cannot conflict with the existing contractual obligations of both States. It must therefore comply with Russia`s obligations under the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the United States` obligations under the Hague Adoption Convention. In addition, this acceptance agreement must take into account the shortcomings of the adoption process before the agreement and create procedural safeguards to avoid some of the same dangers. The most up-to-date information on the Hague Statute or not of the Hague is available at www.adoption.state.gov. . .